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Video Usage

Videos included in the Bugwood Network Video Archives are made available under a Creative Commons license. Individual videographers retain all rights to videos included in the archive. The Creative Commons licenses and number of videos under that license is listed below:

Creative Commons License Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. 62 videos
Creative Commons License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 License. 966 videos

Creative Commons Definitions:

Attribution  You must attribute the work in the manner specified (but not in any way that suggests endorsement).
NonCommerical  You may not use this work for commercial purposes unless permission is granted by the videographer or copyright owner.

Requesting and using videos from the Bugwood Network

The Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health divides video use into 3 categories: Personal, Educational, and Commercial.

Personal Usage

Personal use refers to using videos where they will not be put on display for public education, advertising, amusement, or other purpose. Examples of this include a private collection of videos for your screen saver, a print for decoration in your own house, or creating a decal for a t-shirt that you plan to wear.

Educational Usage

Educational use is most often associated with non-profit organizations. To qualify as educational use, the end product must be distributed free of charge. Also, the product must be used to educate the public and may not be used to advertise a company, services, or products.

Educational use also includes using videos to accompany one-time articles in a daily/weekly periodical (newspaper/magazine) since the article is not used to increase circulation, but is used to better illustrate a subject while providing information to the public.

A commercial company may qualify for educational usage when hired by a non-profit organization to produce educational materials that are distributed free of charge. An example of this is a publishing company being hired by a city to produce pamphlets on an exotic pest when they will be available to the public free of charge.

If you are not 100% sure that the use is purely educational, it is best to make a commercial request.

When used for an educational purpose, all of the videos may be used as long as the video is properly cited. The citation is present on each video page.

Commercial Usage

If you plan to use the videos commercially, you must request permission. Commercial use includes any product that is not distributed free of charge. This includes products by non-profit organizations that are sold at cost or used to raise funds even if the product is meant to provide education. It also includes advertisements or materials used to market products or services.

Bugwood archives contain videos from a wide variety of contributors. Each videographer retains all rights to their pictures. Consequently, it is necessary to request permission to use each video for commercial purposes. It is the videographer's decision to charge a fee or allow free use of the video for commercial purposes.

If permission is granted, it still must be properly cited when it is used.

Citation Guidelines

Anytime an video from the Bugwood Network Video archive is used, IT MUST BE CITED. The citation format is:

Video title. Videographer's Names and Organizations. Hosted by


  • Clemson University - USDA Cooperative Extension Slide Series, Hosted by
  • Whitney Cranshaw, Colorado State University, Hosted by
  • Andrej Kunca, National Forest Centre - Slovakia, Hosted by
  • Joseph O'Brien, USDA Forest Service, Hosted by
  • Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources - Forestry Archives, Hosted by

Depending on the videographer, this may make for a long citation that is difficult to fit in the limited space provided for video citations. This page is meant to provide guidelines for reducing the length of a citation while ensuring that the proper citation is used. We have a simple rationale for why we cite videos the way we do.

It is extremely important to give credit to the videographer. Without them, the Bugwood Video archive would not exist. In all cases, the videographer must be included in the video citation

Many of these videographers took the videos as part of their daily work. These organizations are important in supporting the generation and collection of educational resources. Without them, the videographers may not have had the opportunities to take the videos. Where possible, these organizations should be given credit for supporting the videographer's efforts.

A lot of work has gone into creating this video archive and making high-quality, high-resolution videos easily available. This has been accomplished through cooperative agreements with various agencies, organizations, and individuals. In order to keep funding and thus the availabilty of these videos, it is essential to credit the archive that delivered the video.

Also, if more information is needed to understand what the videographer was trying to show, the link back to the video archive must be maintained. To ensure that this link is maintained, the video archive must be cited.

The videographer's name and organization may be abbreviated. If an organization is abbreviated, be sure the abbreviation is a standard abbreviation. Typing the abbreviation into a web search often helps in checking to see if the abbreviation is widely used.

Examples of abbreviated citations:

  • Clemson Univ./USDA CES,
  • W. Cranshaw, CSU,
  • A. Kunca, National Forest Centre - Slovakia,
  • J. O'Brien, USFS,
  • PA-DCNR - Forestry Archives,